First thing to consider when looking for the best bitcoin exchange is how safe are the website and server. A trustworthy bitcoin exchange providing transparent data about coins in cold storage (more on this later). It is also a good to look for available currency pairs: example looking to trade bitcoin for USD, Euros, or other fiat currencies. The location usually gives an idea of what is on offer. However, the largest bitcoin exchanges usually have many options for buying bitcoin with government issued currency and altcoins.
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NEM is written in Java; built on an entirely new codebase separate and apart from Bitcoin’s open-source code. There are a few other intriguing differences from Bitcoin as well. In NEM, you harvest rather than mine. It’s essentially the same as mining in Bitcoin, only that multiple people profit - albeit in much smaller quantities - from a generated block.
The earliest notable altcoin, Namecoin, was based on the Bitcoin code and used the same proof-of-work algorithm - and like Bitcoin, Namecoin is limited to 21 million coins. Introduced in April 2011, Namecoin primarily diverged from Bitcoin by making user domains less visible, allowing users to register and mine using their own .bit domains, which was intended to increase anonymity and censorship resistance.
At the time when this guide was written, January 2014, the price of one bitcoin stood at $913, down slightly after reaching an all-time high of over $1,200 earlier in December. The new cryptocurrency came a long way from trading below $4 just two years ago. Major online and offline retailers are starting to add the new currency as a payment method. But what exactly is bitcoin?